The War Portal
War is a state of conflict between relatively large groups of people (such as nations, states, organizations, social groups), which is characterized by the use of armed lethal violence between combatants or upon civilians. Other terms for war, which often serve aseuphemisms, include armed conflict, hostilities, and police action.A common perception of war is a series of military campaigns between at least two or more opposing sides involving a dispute oversovereignty, territory, resources, ideology or a host of other issues. A war to liberate an occupied country is sometimes characterised as a “war of liberation”, while a war between internal elements of the same state may constitute a civil war.
A battle is a single engagement fought between two or more parties, wherein each party or aligned group will seek to defeat their opponent. Battles are most often fought during military campaigns and can usually be well defined in time, space and action. Wars are generally the continuum of a related series of battles and are guided by strategy, whereas individual battles are the stage on which tactics are employed.
Military history is the recording of those events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of organised armed conflict.
Stanisław Koniecpolski was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic),magnate, official (starost and castellan) and hetman – second highestmilitary commander of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Koniecpolski lived a life that involved almost constant warfare and during his military career he won many victories. Before he reached the age of 20, he had fought in the Dimitriads and the Moldavian Magnate Wars, where he was taken captive by the forces of Ottoman Empire at theBattle of Cecora in 1620. When released in 1623 he soon defeated Ottoman vassals theTatars in 1624. With inferior forces he fought Swedish forces of Gustav Adolphus to a stalemate in Prussia during the second phase of the Polish-Swedish War (1626–1629). He defeated a major Turkish invasion at Kamieniec Podolski in Ukraine in 1634 and during his life led many other successful campaigns against the rebellious Cossacks and invading Tatars. He is considered to be one of the most skilled and famous military commanders in the history of Poland and Lithuania.
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Soldiers of an Australian 4th Division field artillery brigade on a duckboard track passing through Chateau Wood, near Hooge in the Ypres salient, October 29, 1917. The photo was taken in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, which was one of the major battles of World War I.
Photo credit: Frank Hurley
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