List of active separatist movements in Oceania
This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Oceania. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:
- They are active movements with living, active members.
- They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
- They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.
Under each region listed is one or more of the following:
- De facto state: for regions with de facto autonomy from the government
- Proposed state: proposed name for a seceding sovereign state
- Proposed autonomous area: for movements toward greater autonomy for an area but not outright secession
- De facto autonomous government: for governments with de facto autonomous control over a region
- Government-in-exile: for a government based outside of the region in question, with or without control
- Political party (or parties): for political parties involved in a political system to push for autonomy or secession
- Militant organisation(s): for armed organisations (sometimes called terrorist organisations)
- Advocacy group(s): for non-belligerent, non-politically participatory entities
- French Polynesia
- Political party: Tavini Huiraatira
- New Caledonia
- Proposed state: Republic of Aceh
- Militant organisation: Free Aceh Movement (negotiated peace with the Indonesian government in 2005, and now it is a civil movement, but the separatism still has supporters)
- Proposed state: Kalimantan Borneo or Malaysia
- Pressure groups: Kalimantan Borneo Liberation Front
- Proposed state: South Moluccas
- Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa
- Proposed state: Riau
- Ethnic group: Australian
- Māori people
- South Island
Main article: South Island nationalism
- Political parties: South Island Party, New Munster Party
- Pressure groups: Cut the Cable, South Island First, Zealandia Independence Project
- Militant organization: New Munster Liberation Army
- Proposed state: New Munster, South Zealand
- Proposed autonomous region: New Munster Province
- Bougainville (member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)
- Bougainville & Twin Kingdom of Papa’ala and Me’ekamui
- Political group: Triune Government of Bougainville
- Pressure movement: Chamoru Nation, Organization of People for Indigenous Rights
- Local Self-Government: Guam Commission on Self-Determination, now known as the Commission on Decolonization
- Northern Mariana Islands
- Pressure Movement: Taotao Tano
- American Samoa
- Proposed State: Federal Republic of Samoa
- “Native Village News”. Nativevillage.org.
- “easterisland – www”. Hectortobar.com. 2004-01-28.
- “Perhatian Buruk! Warga Perbatasan Ancam Kibarkan Bendera Malaysia” (in Indonesian). Tribun News. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- “Duh, WNI di Perbatasan Ancam Gabung ke Malaysia” (in Indonesian). I Today. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- “Sejumlah Kecamatan Perbatasan Ingin Gabung Malaysia” (in Indonesian). JPNN. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- “Warga Sebatik Ingin Gabung ke Malaysia, NKRI Diambang Kehancuran?” (in Indonesian). Jawaban News. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- “Banaba – Our Homeland”. Abara Banaba. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- New Munster Party – Our Policies (Self-Determination)
- “Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) (Papua New Guinea), GROUPS – ASIA – DORMANT”. Jane’s Information Group. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- “One of the Best Kept Secrets of the United States of America”. Dialogue Between Nations. Retrieved 2009-04-10.