List of active separatist movements in Asia

List of active separatist movements in Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Afghanistan Afghanistan[edit]

Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

Burma Burma/Myanmar[edit]


Zo Asia





Mon State


Northern Arakan

Shan States

Wa State



The  People’s Republic of China and the  Republic of China insist sole legitimacy of China against each other. Practically, the former is administering Mainland China and the twospecial administrative regions of  Hong Kong and  Macau and the latter is administering the Taiwan area.

Mainland China[edit]

Inner Mongolia

Tibet Autonomous Region


Special administrative regions[edit]

Hong Kong

Taiwan area[edit]

In perspective of the laws of the Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, but practically, the movement seeks to replace the ROC with the Republic of Taiwan because Taiwan area is the only practical region administered by the ROC.

In perspective of the laws of the People’s Republic of China, the Taiwan indepndence movement is considered as secessionism, too because the PRC considers the Taiwan area as its integral part.

India India[edit]


Arunachal Pradesh




Jammu and Kashmir (occupied/disputed area of the Kashmir valley only)










Tamil Nadu

Indonesia Indonesia[edit]




  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa


  • Proposed stateRiau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

West Papua

Iran Iran[edit]

Azerbaijan (Iran)

  • Ethnic groupAzerbaijan
    • Proposed stateSouth Azerbaijan SouthAzerbaijanFlag.gif or  Azerbaijan
    • Political party: CAMAH (South Azerbaijan National Liberation Movement), a Baku-based separatist organisation that advocates for the separation of Iranian Azerbaijan from Iran and unification with the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to them, the predominantly ethnic Persian provinces of Hamadan, Qazvin and Karaj and the whole of the ethnically mixed province of West Azerbaijan are parts of Azerbaijan.[20]


Some Persians within Iran or abroad call for the renaming of Iran to Persia and all other ethnic minorities within the country being allowed to become separate and having their own independent states
Turkmen Sahra



Further information: Politics of Khūzestān Province



Iraq Iraq[edit]

See: Minorities in Iraq

Breakaway state:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Purposed states:




Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli


Israel Israel[edit]

Proposed states:

State of Judea

Occupied territories:


Japan Japan[edit]

Hokkaido [25][26]



Laos Laos[edit]

Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Lebanon Lebanon[edit]

Lebanon Phoenicia

Nepal Nepal[edit]


Pakistan Pakistan[edit]

Balochistan [28]


  • Ethnic group Dard
    • Proposed state: Republic of Gilgit Baltistan Flag of Balawaristan.png
    • Political party: Gilgit Baltistan United Movement




Jammu & Kashmir


See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

State of Judea

Philippines Philippines[edit]

Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic groupIgorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[30]

Russia Russia[edit]

 Sakha Republic

 Siberia (North Asia)

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam

Syria Syria[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Ala kurdên rojava.svg Kurdistan

Syrian Arab Republic

Purposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda


Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)

Tajikistan Tajikistan[edit]


Thailand Thailand[edit]

Flag of Pattani.svg Patani

Turkey Turkey[edit]

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan [36]

Flag of Armenia.svg Western Armenia

Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[edit]

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Vietnam Vietnam[edit]

Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg Champa

Flag of BAJARAKA.svg Tây Nguyên

Flag of KKF.svg Cochinchina

Yemen Yemen[edit]

Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up to:a b c “Roots of the Conflict”. El Gringo. Archived from the original on 2009-10-23. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  2. Jump up^ [1]
  3. Jump up^ “”Inner Mongolian People’s Party” and the basic facts about its key members”. Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  4. Jump up^ “モンゴル自由連盟党”. Retrieved 2010-11-22.(JP)
  5. Jump up^ “Speech of His Holiness the Dalai Lama to the European Parliament, Strasbourg”. The Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. 2001-10-14. Retrieved 2009-04-11.[dead link]
  6. Jump up^ “INTERNATIONAL TIBET INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT”. International Tibet Independence Movement. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  7. Jump up^ “Arunachal Dragon Force (ADF)”. South Asia Terrorist Portal. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  8. Jump up^ “Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA)”. South Asia Terrorist Portal. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  9. Jump up^ “India – Terrorist, insurgent and extremist groups”. South Asia Terrorist Portal. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  10. Jump up^ “Freedom Movements”. WikiPedia.
  11. Jump up^ “Perhatian Buruk! Warga Perbatasan Ancam Kibarkan Bendera Malaysia” (in Indonesian). Tribun News. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  12. Jump up^ “Duh, WNI di Perbatasan Ancam Gabung ke Malaysia” (in Indonesian). I Today. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  13. Jump up^ “Sejumlah Kecamatan Perbatasan Ingin Gabung Malaysia” (in Indonesian). JPNN. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  14. Jump up^ “Warga Sebatik Ingin Gabung ke Malaysia, NKRI Diambang Kehancuran?” (in Indonesian). Jawaban News. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  15. Jump up^
  16. Jump up^
  17. Jump up^ The Jakarta Post (2000). People’s Congress votes for Riau independence. February 2. [2], accessed July 2, 2009.
  18. Jump up^ Saha, Santosh C. (2006). Perspectives on Contemporary Ethnic ConflictLexington Books. p. 63. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  19. Jump up^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 2055. ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  20. Jump up^
  21. Jump up^ National Libration [sic] Movement of Ahwaz
  22. Jump up^ “Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan”. Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  23. Jump up^ Madiha Rashid al Madfai, Jordan, the United States and the Middle East Peace Process, 1974-1991, Cambridge Middle East Library, Cambridge University Press (1993). ISBN 0-521-41523-3. p. 21:”On 28 October 1974, the seventh Arab summit conference held in Rabat designated the PLO as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and reaffirmed their right to establish an independent state of urgency.”
  24. Jump up^ Geldenhuys, Deon (1990). Isolated states: a comparative analysis. Cambridge University Press. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-521-40268-2ISBN 0-521-40268-9.
  25. Jump up^
  26. Jump up^
  27. Jump up^ [3]
  28. Jump up^
  29. Jump up to:a b
  30. Jump up^
  31. Jump up^
  32. Jump up^ “Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO)”. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  33. Jump up^ G Vinod (4 September 2012). “Thai insurgents raise Malaysian flag”Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  34. Jump up^ Aulia Akbar (31 August 2012). “Pemberontak Thailand Kibarkan Bendera Malaysia” (in Indonesian). Okezone. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  35. Jump up^ “Phiến quân đốt cờ Thái ở miền Nam bất ổn” (in Vietnamese). Bao Binh Dinh. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  36. Jump up^ Pike, John (21 May 2004). “Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK)”Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  37. Jump up^ “Uzbekistan: Shadowy Group Agitates For ‘Free Karakalpakstan'”. Radio Free Europe. 2008-04-05. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  38. Jump up^ “IOC-Champa”. International Office of Champa. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  39. Jump up^ “Montagnard Foundation home page”. Montagnard Foundation. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  40. Jump up^ “Khmers Kampuchea-Krom Federation”. Khmers Kampuchea-Krom Federation. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  41. Jump up^ “Five killed at secessionist protest in south Yemen”. London: BBC. 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-11-25.

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