List of active separatist movements in Asia

List of active separatist movements in Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Afghanistan Afghanistan[edit]

Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

Burma Burma/Myanmar[edit]

Arakan

Zo Asia

Kachin

Kawthoolei

Karenni

Kukiland

Mon State

Nagaland

Northern Arakan

Shan States

Wa State

Zogam

China[edit]

The  People’s Republic of China and the  Republic of China insist sole legitimacy of China against each other. Practically, the former is administering Mainland China and the twospecial administrative regions of  Hong Kong and  Macau and the latter is administering the Taiwan area.

Mainland China[edit]

Inner Mongolia

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xinjiang

Special administrative regions[edit]

Hong Kong

Taiwan area[edit]

In perspective of the laws of the Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, but practically, the movement seeks to replace the ROC with the Republic of Taiwan because Taiwan area is the only practical region administered by the ROC.

In perspective of the laws of the People’s Republic of China, the Taiwan indepndence movement is considered as secessionism, too because the PRC considers the Taiwan area as its integral part.

India India[edit]

 

Arunachal Pradesh

 

Assam

 

Jammu and Kashmir (occupied/disputed area of the Kashmir valley only)

 

Manipur

 

Mizoram

 

Nagaland

 

Punjab

Tripura

Tamil Nadu

Indonesia Indonesia[edit]

Aceh

Kalimantan

Minahasa[15][16]

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

Riau[17]

  • Proposed stateRiau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

West Papua

Iran Iran[edit]

Azerbaijan (Iran)

  • Ethnic groupAzerbaijan
    • Proposed stateSouth Azerbaijan SouthAzerbaijanFlag.gif or  Azerbaijan
    • Political party: CAMAH (South Azerbaijan National Liberation Movement), a Baku-based separatist organisation that advocates for the separation of Iranian Azerbaijan from Iran and unification with the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to them, the predominantly ethnic Persian provinces of Hamadan, Qazvin and Karaj and the whole of the ethnically mixed province of West Azerbaijan are parts of Azerbaijan.[20]

 Persia

Some Persians within Iran or abroad call for the renaming of Iran to Persia and all other ethnic minorities within the country being allowed to become separate and having their own independent states
Turkmen Sahra

 

Khūzestān

Further information: Politics of Khūzestān Province

 Kurdistan

Balcochistan

Iraq Iraq[edit]

See: Minorities in Iraq

Breakaway state:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Purposed states:

 Kurdistan

 

 Assyria

Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli

Sinjar

Israel Israel[edit]

Proposed states:

State of Judea

Occupied territories:

 Palestine

Japan Japan[edit]

Hokkaido [25][26]

 

Okinawa

Laos Laos[edit]

Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Lebanon Lebanon[edit]

Lebanon Phoenicia

Nepal Nepal[edit]

Madheshstan

Pakistan Pakistan[edit]

Balochistan [28]

Gilgit-Baltistan

  • Ethnic group Dard
    • Proposed state: Republic of Gilgit Baltistan Flag of Balawaristan.png
    • Political party: Gilgit Baltistan United Movement

Pashtunistan

Waziristan

Sindhudesh

Jammu & Kashmir

 Palestine[edit]

See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

State of Judea

Philippines Philippines[edit]

Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic groupIgorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[30]

Russia Russia[edit]

 Sakha Republic

 Siberia (North Asia)

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam

Syria Syria[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Ala kurdên rojava.svg Kurdistan

Syrian Arab Republic

Purposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda

 Assyria

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)

Tajikistan Tajikistan[edit]

Badakhshan

Thailand Thailand[edit]

Flag of Pattani.svg Patani

Turkey Turkey[edit]

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan [36]

Flag of Armenia.svg Western Armenia

Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[edit]

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Vietnam Vietnam[edit]

Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg Champa

Flag of BAJARAKA.svg Tây Nguyên

Flag of KKF.svg Cochinchina

Yemen Yemen[edit]

Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  27. Jump up^ [3]
  28. Jump up^ http://www.balochvoice.com/
  29. Jump up to:a b http://www.interaksyon.com/article/41288/milf-says-mnlf-joins-fray-on-side-of-bifm
  30. Jump up^ http://car.neda.gov.ph/cordillera-solons-expressed-views-on-regional-autonomy/
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  35. Jump up^ “Phiến quân đốt cờ Thái ở miền Nam bất ổn” (in Vietnamese). Bao Binh Dinh. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  36. Jump up^ Pike, John (21 May 2004). “Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK)”Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  37. Jump up^ “Uzbekistan: Shadowy Group Agitates For ‘Free Karakalpakstan'”. Radio Free Europe. 2008-04-05. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  38. Jump up^ “IOC-Champa”. International Office of Champa. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  39. Jump up^ “Montagnard Foundation home page”. Montagnard Foundation. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  40. Jump up^ “Khmers Kampuchea-Krom Federation”. Khmers Kampuchea-Krom Federation. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  41. Jump up^ “Five killed at secessionist protest in south Yemen”. London: BBC. 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-11-25.

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