List of active rebel groups

List of active rebel groups

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of active rebel groups around the world whose domains may be subnational, transnational or international. A “rebel group” is defined here as a political group seeking change through armed conflict in opposition to an established government or governments.



Groups which control territory[edit]

The following rebel groups control a certain amount of land or territory. Such control might be temporary, contested or fluctuating within a state of war.

It does not include the governments of stable breakaway states or other states with limited recognition.

Rebel Group Country Conflict Territory Controlled Notes
ShababFlag.svg Al-Shabaab  Somalia War in Somalia (2009–present) Parts of southern Somalia (see Somalia control map)
Flag of Novorussia (project).svg Federal State of Novorossiya

 Ukraine 2014 insurgency in Donbass Parts of Donetsk and Lugansk oblasts in country’s east
Houthis  Yemen Shia insurgency in Yemen Sa’adah governorate and surrounding areas of northwestern Yemen (See Houthis article)
Kachin Independence Army flag.svg Kachin Independence Army  Burma Kachin conflict Parts of Kachin State and possibly Shan State Military wing of Kachin Independence Organisation
Ala kurdên rojava.svg Kurdish forces in Syria

 Syria Syrian Civil War Parts of northern and northeastern Syria (See Syrian KurdistanSyrian Kurdistan campaign (2012–present)) Ambiguous relationship with Syrian government
Rebel forces in Syria

 Syria Syrian Civil War See Cities and towns during the Syrian Civil War Various groups not necessarily allied, but difficult to say which group controls which areas.
Flag of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.svg The Islamic State  Iraq Syria Iraqi insurgency (post-U.S. withdrawal)Syrian Civil War Large parts of northwestern Iraq and eastern Syria
Forces Nouvelles de Côte d’Ivoire  Ivory Coast Ivorian Civil War Northern Ivory Coast
Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement-in-Opposition  South Sudan South Sudanese conflict (2013–14) Parts of JongleiUnity, and Upper Nile states
Sudan Revolutionary Front

 Sudan Sudan–SRF conflict Parts of South Kordofan state, Blue Nile state, and possiblyDarfur

Other groups[edit]

Other rebel groups are listed by the states within which they operate. Because the above list of rebel groups controlling territory may be incomplete, this list may still contain some groups which do control territory.







Central African Republic[edit]

Central African Republic Séléka

 Lord’s Resistance Army




Further information: Xinjiang conflict
Group Strength
 East Turkestan Islamic Movement 1,000


Congo, Democratic Republic of the[edit]



Group Strength
 Muslim Brotherhood
 Anti-Coup Alliance
 al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya
 Ansar Bait al-Maqdis 1,000[10]









Group Strength
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Logo of the Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation.png Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation 100,000
Logo of the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order.png Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order 5,000
IAILogo.png Islamic Army of Iraq 10,000
 Free Iraqi Army
Shiism arabic blue.svg Special Groups

 Badr Brigades
Shiism arabic blue.svg Soldiers of Heaven
Shiism arabic blue.svg Mukhtar Army
General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries


See United Kingdom








Group Strength
Libya Operation Dignity
 Ansar al-Sharia (Benghazi)
Pro-government in Libyan conflict
 Libya Shield (Militia)
 Zintan Brigade
 Brigade 93 300


Further information: Northern Mali conflict
Group Strength
Azawad National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad 10,000[22]
 Ansar Dine 2,000
 Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa

 Boko Haram
 Ansar al-Sharia (Mali)






Group Strength
 Boko Haram
 Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta 15,000
 Niger Delta People’s Volunteer Force
 Niger Delta Liberation Front 2,500
 Niger Delta Vigilante 4,000




Group Strength
 Paraguayan People’s Army



Further information: Civil conflict in the Philippines
Group Strength
 Communist Party of the Philippines

 Moro National Liberation Front
 Moro Islamic Liberation Front[38]
 Sultanate of Sulu
 Abu Sayyaf[39] 300
 Rajah Sulaiman movement[40][41]
 Jemaah Islamiyah
 Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters


Further information: Insurgency in the North Caucasus
Group Strength
 Caucasus Emirate



Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance

South Sudan[edit]

Group Strength
 Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement-in-Opposition
 South Sudan Liberation Movement
 Nuer White Army
South Sudan South Sudan Democratic Movement
 Lord’s Resistance Army 200[42]


Further information: War in Darfur and Sudan–SRF conflict
Group Strength
Sudan Revolutionary Front

Sudan Liberation and Justice Movement


Group Strength
 Islamic Front

People's Protection Units Flag.svg People’s Protection Units 47,000
Syria Free Syrian Army


 Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union 15,000
 Authenticity and Development Front 13,000
 Army of Mujahedeen 8,000
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant 15,000
 Jabhat al-Akrad 7,000
 Muhajirin wa-Ansar Alliance

 Mujahideen Shura Council
 Ahl al-Sham
 Jaysh al-Sham
 Turkish Ghuraba al-Sham
 Jund al-Sham
 Abdullah Azzam Brigade
 Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar
 Fatah al-Islam
 Ansar al-Islam
Iraq Free Iraqi Army
 Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
 East Turkestan Islamic Movement
 Green Battalion
 Harakat Sham al Islam
 Sham Legion
 Ahrar al-Jazeera
 Muslim Brotherhood of Syria
 Syriac Military Council


Further information: South Thailand insurgency
Group Strength
 Pattani United Liberation Organization
 National Revolution Front
 National Front for the Liberation of Pattani
 Jemaah Islamiyah




Group Strength
 Federal State of Novorossiya

 Donbass People’s Militia
 Don Cossacks

United Kingdom[edit]



Group Strength
 Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula

 Houthis 100,000
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen South Yemen Movement

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up^ Wright 2006, pp. 107–108, 185, 270–271.
  2. Jump up^ Afghanistan: Skeptics Urge Caution Over Purported Hekmatyar Cease-Fire July 19, 2007
  3. Jump up^ Le : Les zones d’influence talibanes en Afghanistan
  4. Jump up^ Watson, Rob. “Algeria blasts fuel violence fears“, BBC News, 04-11-2007. Retrieved 04-22-2007.Jean-Pierre Filiu, “Local and global jihad: Al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghrib”, The Middle East Journal,Vol.63, spring 2009.
  5. Jump up^ restart Nov. 8, 2010.
  6. Jump up^ from January 1949 to day.
  7. Jump up^ from February 24, 2011 .
  8. Jump up^ Council Decision of 21 December 2005. Official Journal of the European Union. Accessed 2008-07-06
  9. Jump up^ The Government of Colombia states: “All the violent groups in Colombia are terrorists”: Presidencia de la Republica de Colombia
  10. Jump up^ Kingsley, Patrick. “Egypt faces new threat in al-Qaeda linked group Ansar Beyt al-Maqdis”The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  11. Jump up^ Troops die in India Maoist attack, BBC News Online, April 13, 2009
  12. Jump up^ Indictment of John Walker Lindh American Rhetoric February, 2002
  13. Jump up^ [1][2]
  14. Jump up^
  15. Jump up^ “Jaish-e-Mohammad: A profile”BBC News. 2002-02-06. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  16. Jump up^ U.S. Court Convicts Khalid Awan for Supporting Khalistan Commando Force
  17. Jump up^
  18. Jump up^ Kurth Cronin, Audrey; Huda Aden; Adam Frost; Benjamin Jones (February 6, 2004). Foreign Terrorist Organizations (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
  19. Jump up^ Students Islamist Movement of India (SIMI)
  20. Jump up^
  21. Jump up^ Elena Pavlova. “From Counter-Society to Counter-State: Jemaah Islamiyah According to Pupji, p. 11.” (PDF). The Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies.
  22. Jump up^ “mages and exclusive testimony of northern Mali: a colonel MNLA reveals its military arsenal”France 24. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  23. Jump up^ Tobar, Hector (2007-09-20). “A small guerrilla band is waging war in Mexico”Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08.[dead link]
  24. Jump up^ O’Neil, Patrick H.; Fields, Karl; Share, Don (2006), Cases in Comparative Politics (2nd ed.), New YorkNortonISBN 0-393-92943-4, pages 376-378
  25. Jump up^ Aoun Sahi and Mark Magnier (October 21, 2013). “Passenger train bombed in Pakistan, at least seven dead”Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  26. Jump up^ Bajoria, Jayshree (2008-02-06). “Pakistan’s New Generation of Terrorists”. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
  27. Jump up^ Rehmat, Kamran (2009-01-27). “Swat: Pakistan’s lost paradise”. Islamabad: Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
  28. Jump up^ “Pakistan’s extremists: The slide downhill”The Economist. 2009-04-08. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
  29. Jump up^ Jayshree Bajoria Pakistan’s New Generation of Terrorists Council on Foreign Relations, February 6, 2008
  30. Jump up^ Alisher Sidikov (July 2, 2003). “Pakistan Blames IMU Militants For Afghan Border Unrest”Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 2008-07-03.
  31. Jump up^ South Asia Terrorism Portal.
  32. Jump up^ |url=
  33. Jump up^ |url=
  34. Jump up^ |url=
  35. Jump up^ |url=
  36. Jump up^ “Shining-Path”. Accessed January 16, 2008.
  37. Jump up^ Powell, Colin (August 9, 2002). “Designation of a Foreign Terrorist Organization”U.S. State Department. Archived from the original on 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
  38. Jump up^ BBC News Online Article:The Philippines’ MILF rebels, Last accessed 23 October 2006
  39. Jump up^ “Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)”. MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base. Retrieved September 20, 2006.
  40. Jump up^ Philippines arrests key militants –
  41. Jump up^ Ticking Time Bombs –
  42. Jump up^ “Uganda to head new military force to hunt for Kony”Hindustan Times.
  43. Jump up^ James C. McKinley Jr. (April 1, 1996). “Uganda’s Christian Rebels Revive War in North”New York Times. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
  44. Jump up^ “The army of the Lugansk and Donetsk People’s Republics has 20,000 fighters – Gubarev”ITAR-TASS. Retrieved 10 July 2014.

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