List of wars by death toll

List of wars by death toll

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

See also: List of genocides by death toll

This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war. These numbers usually include both the deaths of military personnel which are the direct results of battle or other military wartime actions, as well as the wartime/war-related deaths of civilians, which are the results of war induced epidemicsdiseasesfaminesatrocitiesgenocide etc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ White, Matthew (2012). Atrocities: The 100 Deadliest Episodes in Human History. New York, NY: W. W. Norton. p. 271, 578. ISBN 9780393345230. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  2. Jump up^ McEvedy, Colin; Jones, Richard M. (1978). Atlas of World Population History. New York, NY: Puffin. p. 172.ISBN 9780140510768.
  3. Jump up^ Ping-ti Ho, “An Estimate of the Total Population of Sung-Chin China”, in Études Song, Series 1, No 1, (1970) pp. 33–53.
  4. Jump up^ “Mongol Conquests”. Users.erols.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
  5. Jump up^ McFarlane, Alan: The Savage Wars of Peace: England, Japan and the Malthusian Trap, Blackwell 2003, ISBN 0-631-18117-2ISBN 978-0-631-18117-0 – cited by White
  6. Jump up^ “Taiping Rebellion – Britannica Concise”. Concise.britannica.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
  7. Jump up^http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/nuclear_01.shtml
  8. Jump up^ “Selected Death Tolls for Wars, Massacres and Atrocities Before the 20th Century”. Users.erols.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
  9. Jump up^ http://necrometrics.com/20c1m.htm
  10. Jump up^ “Timur Lenk (1369–1405)”. Users.erols.com. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
  11. Jump up^ Matthew’s White’s website (a compilation of scholarly estimates) –Miscellaneous Oriental Atrocities
  12. Jump up^ “Russian Civil War”. Spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
  13. Jump up^ The Thirty Years War (1618–48)
  14. Jump up^ Brennan, Richard (2006-07-16). “Inside Congo, An Unspeakable Toll”. Theirc.org. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
  15. Jump up^ James Astill in Bukavu and Isabelle Chevallot (2003-04-08). “Conflict in Congo has killed 4.7m, charity says”. London: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
  16. Jump up^ Come Back, Colonialism, All is Forgiven
  17. Jump up^ Bethany Lacina and Nils Petter Gleditsch, “Monitoring Trends in Global Combat: A New Dataset of Battle Deaths, European Journal of Population (2005) 21: 145–166.
  18. Jump up^ Knecht, Robert J. (2002). The French Religious Wars 1562-1598. Osprey Publishing. p. 91. ISBN 9781841763958.
  19. Jump up^ Shaka: Zulu Chieftain
  20. Jump up^ Bethany Lacina and Nils Petter Gleditsch, Monitoring Trends in Global Combat: A New Dataset of Battle Deaths, European Journal of Population (2005) 21: 145–166.
  21. Jump up to:a b Kenneth Meyer Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571: The fifteenth century, The American Philosophical Society (1978,1997) 331.
  22. Jump up^ Shenon, Philip (23 April 1995). “20 Years After Victory, Vietnamese Communists Ponder How to Celebrate”The New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  23. Jump up^ “fifty years of violent war deaths: data analysis from the world health survey program: BMJ”. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2013. From 1955 to 2002, data from the surveys indicated an estimated 5.4 million violent war deaths … 3.8 million in Vietnam.
  24. Jump up^ Missing Millions: The human cost of the Mexican Revolution, 1910–1921
  25. Jump up^ Timeline: Iraq
  26. Jump up^ Jones, Geo H., Vol. 23 No. 5, pp. 254
  27. Jump up^ http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=k86jifnA3oYC&pg=PA5&dq=osprey+russia+afghanistan&hl=en#v=onepage&q&f=false
  28. Jump up^ http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=Hz5NzJtg48kC&pg=PA115&dq=soviet+afghan+war+safronov&hl=en#v=onepage&q=soviet%20afghan%20war%20safronov&f=false
  29. Jump up^ http://www.nonel.pu.ru/erdferkel/khalidi.pdf
  30. Jump up^ Clodfelter, cited by White
  31. Jump up^ Urlanis, cited by White
  32. Jump up^ The Deadliest War
  33. Jump up^ “Spanish judge opens case into Franco’s atrocities”. New York Times. 16 October 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
  34. Jump up^ Baldauf, Scott, “Life under Taliban cuts two ways”The Christian Science Monitor, September 20, 2001.
  35. Jump up^ France remembers the Algerian War, 50 years onFrance 24
  36. Jump up^ Northern War (1700–21)
  37. Jump up^ The curse of Cromwell
  38. Jump up^ Matthew White’s Death Tolls for the Major Wars and Atrocities of the Twentieth Century
  39. Jump up^ “Heavy shelling in Burundi capital”BBC News. 18 April 2008.
  40. Jump up^ “Twentieth Century Atlas – Death Tolls and Casualty Statistics for Wars, Dictatorships and Genocides”. Users.erols.com. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  41. Jump up^ c.f. UCDP datasets for SNA, SRRC, USC, SNM, ARS/UIC and Al-Shabaab tolls.
  42. Jump up^ UCDP non-state conflict tolls
  43. Jump up^ “Human costs of war: Direct war death in Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistan October 2001 – February 2013”Costs of War. February 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  44. Jump up^ John M. Gates, “War-Related Deaths in the Philippines”,Pacific Historical Review , v. 53, No. 3 (August, 1984), 367–378.
  45. Jump up^ http://www.jesusradicals.com/georgetown-welcomes-colombias-ex-pres-uribe/
  46. Jump up^ Albigensian Crusade (1208–49)
  47. Jump up^ Massacre of the PureTime, April 28, 1961
  48. Jump up^ http://ploughshares.ca/pl_armedconflict/uganda-1987-2010/#Deaths
  49. Jump up^ Attacks raise spectre of civil war
  50. Jump up^ Journalists in Algeria are caught in middle
  51. Jump up^ Degomme, Olivier & Guha-Sapir, Debarati (23 January 2010). “Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur conflict”The Lancet. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  52. Jump up to:a b chttp://costsofwar.org/sites/default/files/HMCHART_2.pdf
  53. Jump up^ http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat4.htm
  54. Jump up^ http://etd.lib.fsu.edu/theses/available/etd-11142005-144616/unrestricted/003Manuscript.pdf
  55. Jump up^ http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCPR/214578-1111996036679/20482477/WP24_Web.pdf
  56. Jump up^http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/casualtiestotal.html
  57. Jump up^ Booth, William (20 November 2012). “Mexico’s crime wave has left about 25,000 missing, government documents show”The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  58. Jump up^ “Shooting at Mexico bar leaves many dead”Al Jazeera. 30 March 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  59. Jump up^ http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/SOD.TAB15.1D.GIF
  60. Jump up^ Peasants’ War, Germany (1524–25)
  61. Jump up^ Vickers, Adrian (2005). A History of Modern Indonesia. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 10–13. ISBN 0-521-54262-6. Page 13.
  62. Jump up^ “귀주대첩 [네이버 지식백과] 귀주대첩 [龜州大捷] (두산백과)”Naver. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  63. Jump up^ Moore, Solomon (5 June 2006). “2 Mass Graves in Iraq Unearthed”Los Angeles Times.
  64. Jump up^ Black, Ian (21 August 2007). “‘Chemical Ali’ on trial for brutal crushing of Shia uprising”The Guardian (London).
  65. Jump up^ http://www.hrw.org/reports/1992/Iraq926.htm
  66. Jump up^ “Mid-range wars and atrocities of the twentieth century”. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  67. Jump up^http://newsvote.bbc.co.uk/mpapps/pagetools/print/news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6158331.stm
  68. Jump up^ http://www.naharnet.com/stories/en/74132-erdogan-rules-out-amnesty-for-kurdish-rebels
  69. Jump up^ http://www1.american.edu/cgp/pdf/hicks.pdf
  70. Jump up^ http://www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/index1950.htm
  71. Jump up^http://www.peri.umass.edu/fileadmin/pdf/dpe/modern_conflicts/death_tolls.pdf
  72. Jump up^ http://books.google.nl/books?id=Sj81Eaxz-2kC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Regime+and+Periphery+in+Northern+Yemen:+The+Huthi+Phenomenon&hl=nl#v=onepage&q=25%2C000&f=false
  73. Jump up^ http://books.google.cl/books?id=s50JnG7BzLAC&printsec=frontcover&hl=es#v=onepage&q&f=false
  74. Jump up^ Martin, Robert Montgomery (1847). China: Political, Commercial, and Social; In an Official Report to Her Majesty’s Government. Volume 2. James Madden. pp. 81–82.
  75. Jump up^ http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+af0012)
  76. Jump up^ http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat6.htm
  77. Jump up^http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/pakistan/Balochistan/index.html
  78. Jump up^ http://www.europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?article4120
  79. Jump up^ Isaacs, Dan (5 May 2004). “Analysis: Behind Nigeria’s violence”BBC News.
  80. Jump up^http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gzl2_TiUNy_W4vqIC3NZSasnA5HA
  81. Jump up^ “‘Hundreds dead’ in Nigeria attack”BBC News. 8 March 2010.
  82. Jump up^ http://www.ucdp.uu.se/gpdatabase/gpcountry.php?id=37&regionSelect=2-Southern_Africa#
  83. Jump up^http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/aljazeeracorrespondent/2011/10/20111019124251679523.html
  84. Jump up^ http://www.mha.nic.in/pdfs/ar0304-Eng.pdf
  85. Jump up^ http://www.iraqbodycount.org/database/
  86. Jump up^ http://www.globalresearch.ca/africa-s-forgotten-wars-shame-the-media/11945
  87. Jump up^ “TIMELINE-Violence spirals in south Sudan”Reuters. 7 January 2010.
  88. Jump up^ Gettleman, Jeffrey (5 January 2012). “In South Sudan, Massacre of 3,000 Is Reported”The New York Times.
  89. Jump up^ http://www.thairath.co.th/content/edu/279740
  90. Jump up^ http://www.guinguinbali.com/index.php?lang=en&mod=news&task=view_news&cat=3&id=1392
  91. Jump up^ http://necrometrics.com/wars19c.htm
  92. Jump up^http://web.archive.org/web/20061010001137/http://www.ploughshares.ca/libraries/ACRText/ACR-Nigeria.html
  93. Jump up^ http://www.ucdp.uu.se/gpdatabase/gpcountry.php?id=169&regionSelect=10-Middle_East#
  94. Jump up^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/sutton/tables/Status_Summary.html
  95. Jump up^ Garcia, Pedro Antonio (2 July 2007). “Over three thousand black and mulatto Cubans killed in this act of force of the great national bourgeoisie”Afro Cuba Web. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  96. Jump up^ Escamilla, Luis (28 May 2013). “Partido de independiente de color (Cuba, 1908-1912)”Black Past. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  97. Jump up^ http://observers.france24.com/content/20120110-first-ever-video-proof-suspected-gbagbo-militants-brutal-murder-ouattara-abobo-abidjan
  98. Jump up^ http://www.emadbaghi.com/en/archives/000592.php#more
  99. Jump up^ http://www.onwar.com/aced/data/alpha/afguk1919.htm
  100. Jump up^ http://www.radiodabanga.org/
  101. Jump up^ http://www.sudantribune.com/UN-report-1-500-killed-and-73-000,40053
  102. Jump up^ http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2012\10\17\story_17-10-2012_pg4_5
  103. Jump up^ http://en.rian.ru/russia/20100116/157570882.html
  104. Jump up^ http://www.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/198756/
  105. Jump up^ http://chechnya.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/159998
  106. Jump up^ http://www.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/198756
  107. Jump up^ http://en.rian.ru/russia/20121016/176672506.html
  108. Jump up^http://www.ugandacorrespondent.com/articles/2010/09/revealed-2000-updf-troops-died-in-kisangani/
  109. Jump up^ http://www.polit.ru/news/2010/06/12/1000/
  110. Jump up^ http://www.fergananews.com/news.php?id=14964
  111. Jump up^ http://www.centrasia.ru/newsA.php?st=1276548120
  112. Jump up^ http://www.nr2.ru/pmr/90227.html
  113. Jump up^ http://www.nr2.ru/pmr/96375.html
  114. Jump up^ http://www.olvia.idknet.com/ol166-12-06.htm
  115. Jump up^ http://monument.md/#
  116. Jump up^ Time. 8 July 2011http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2081756-2,00.html |url= missing title (help).
  117. Jump up^ http://archive.muslimnews.co.uk/paper/index.php?article=5273
  118. Jump up^ http://www.euskonews.com/0256zbk/gaia25604_01.html
  119. Jump up^ http://pib.nic.in/feature/feyr2000/fjul2000/f210720001.html
  120. Jump up^http://web.archive.org/web/20071222013826/http://www.indianarmy.nic.in/martyrs/home.jsp?operation=28&hidrecord=10&FormBugs_Page=1#Form
  121. Jump up^http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/2013/Feb/1/musharraf-claims-kargil-was-a-big-success-militarily-for-pak-46.asp
  122. Jump up^ “Over 4,000 soldiers killed in Kargil: Sharif”The Hindu(Chennai, India). 17 August 2003.
  123. Jump up^ Chalabi, Mona (8 July 2013). “Egypt’s dead and injured: the toll so far”The Guardian. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
  124. Jump up^ http://igcsforum.org/showthread.php?t=1729
  125. Jump up^http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/UNTC/UNPAN019224.pdf
  126. Jump up^ “Government fact-finding mission shows 846 killed in Egypt uprising”Haaretz. 20 April 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  127. Jump up^ Shuster, Simon (21 February 2009). “Russia lost 64 troops in Georgia war, 283 wounded”Reuters. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  128. Jump up^ Denber, Rachel & Lomaia, Alexander (10 October 2008).“Dear President Saakashvili…”Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  129. Jump up^ “Russia intervenes in the Caucasus to keep and control your living space”El Pais. 17 August 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  130. Jump up^ “We believe that we have fully proved the offense”.Interfax. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  131. Jump up^ “Consequences of Russian aggression in Georgia”.Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  132. Jump up^ “At least 240 killed in Congo after fighting between army and rebels”RPP. 8 June 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  133. Jump up^ “UN calls for end to DR Congo violence”Al Jazeera. 18 November 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  134. Jump up^ Kambale, Albert (8 July 2012). “DR Congo rebel chief pledges to withdraw from captured towns”AFP. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  135. Jump up^ Cantu, Gaston Garcia (1996). “The U.S. invasions in Mexico”Fondo de Cultura Economica. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  136. Jump up^ “95 killed in Guinea clashes”The Times of India. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  137. Jump up^ “Lahad Datu: 52 gunmen killed in gunfights so far, says IGP”The Star. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  138. Jump up^ Golingai, Philip (9 March 2013). “Lahad Datu: Security forces shoot dead one gunman at Tanjung Batu village”.The Star. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  139. Jump up^ “Congo refugees pour into Uganda after attack”Al Jazeera. 13 July 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013.

External links[edit]

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