Demographics of the United States
As of July 18, 2014, the United States has a total resident population of 318,406,000, making it the third-most populous country in the world. It is very urbanized, with 81% residing in cities and suburbs as of 2014 (the worldwide urban rate is 54%). California and Texas are the most populous states, as the mean center of U.S. population has consistently shifted westward and southward. New York City is the most populous city in the United States.
The total fertility rate in the United States estimated for 2013 is 1.87 children per woman, which is below the replacement fertility rate of approximately 2.1. Compared to other Western countries, in 2012, U.S. fertility rate was lower than that ofFrance (2.01), Australia (1.93) and the United Kingdom (1.92). However, U.S. population growth is among the highest in industrialized countries, because the differences in fertility rates are less than the differences in immigration levels, which are higher in the U.S. The United States Census Bureau shows population increase of 0.75% for the twelve-month period ending in July 2012. Though high by industrialized country standards, this is below the world average annual rate of 1.1%.
There were over 158.6 million females in the United States in 2009. The number of males was 151.4 million. At age 85 and older, there were more than twice as many women as men. People under 20 years of age made up over a quarter of the U.S. population (27.3%), and people age 65 and over made up one-eighth (12.8%) in 2009. The national median age was 36.8 years.
The United States Census Bureau defines White people as those “having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who reported “White” or wrote in entries such as Irish, German, Italian, Lebanese, Near Easterner, Arab, or Polish.” Whites constitute the majority of the U.S. population, with a total of 223,553,265 or 72.4% of the population in the 2010 United States Census. There are 63.7% Whites when Hispanics who describe themselves as “white” are taken out of the calculation. Despite major changes due to illegal and legal immigration since the 1960s and the higher birth-rates of nonwhites, the overall current majority of American citizens are still white, and English-speaking, though regional differences exist.
The American population almost quadrupled during the 20th century—at a growth rate of about 1.3% a year—from about 76 million in 1900 to 281 million in 2000. It reached the 200 million mark in 1968, and the 300 million mark on October 17, 2006. Population growth is fastest among minorities as a whole, and according to the Census Bureau’s estimation for 2012, 50.4% of American children under the age of 1 belonged to minority groups.
Hispanic and Latino Americans accounted for 48% of the national population growth of 2.9 million between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006. Immigrants and their U.S.-born descendants are expected to provide most of the U.S. population gains in the decades ahead.
The Census Bureau projects a U.S. population of 439 million in 2050, which is a 46% increase from 2007 (301.3 million). However, the United Nations projects a U.S. population of 402 million in 2050, an increase of 32% from 2007 . In either case, such growth is unlike most European countries, especially Germany, and Greece, or Asian countries such as Japan or South Korea, whose populations are slowly declining, and whose fertility rates are below replacement. Official census report, reported that 54.4% (2,150,926 out of 3,953,593) of births in 2010, were non-Hispanic white. This represents an increase of 0.34% compared to the previous year, which was 54.06%.
|Sources: United States Census Bureau|
- 1 History
- 2 Vital statistics
- 3 Population density
- 4 Cities
- 5 Race and ethnicity
- 6 Other groups
- 7 Projections
- 8 Religion
- 9 Marriage
- 10 Income
- 11 Social class
- 12 Health
- 13 Generational cohorts
- 14 Demographic statistics
- 15 See also
- 16 Notes
- 17 External links
In 1900, when the U.S. population was 76 million, there were 66.8 million Whites in the United States, representing 88% of the total population, 8.8 million African Americans, with about 90% of them still living in Southern states, and slightly more than 500,000 Hispanics.
Under the law, the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, the number of first-generation immigrants living in the United States has increased,from 9.6 million in 1970 to about 38 million in 2007. Around a million people legally immigrated to the United States per year in the 1990s, up from 250,000 per year in the 1950s. In 2009, 37% of immigrants originated in Asia, 42% in North America, and 11% in Africa.
In 1900, non-Hispanic whites comprised almost 97% of the population of the 10 largest American cities. By 2006, non-Hispanic whites had dwindled to a minority in 35 of the nation’s 50 largest cities. The Census Bureau reported that minorities made up 50.4% of the children born in the U.S. between July 2010 and July 2011, compared to 37% in 1990.
In 2010 the state with the lowest fertility rate was Rhode Island, with 1,630.5 children per thousand women, while Utah had the greatest rate with 2,449.0 children per thousand women. This correlates with the ages of the states’ populations: Rhode Island has the ninth-oldest median age in the US—39.2—while Utah has the youngest—29.0.
- 1.948 for White Americans (including White Hispanics)
- 1.791 for non-Hispanic Whites
- 1.958 for Black Americans (including Black Hispanics)
- 1.972 for non-Hispanic Blacks
- 1.404 for Native Americans (including Hispanics)
- 1.689 for Asian Americans (including Hispanics)
- 2.350 for Hispanics (of all racial groups)
(Note that ~95% of Hispanics are included as “white Hispanics” by CDC, which does not recognize the Census’ “Some other race” category and counts people in that category as white.)
The U.S. total fertility rate for 2012 is 1.881:
- 1.762 for non-Hispanic Whites
- 1.899 for non-Hispanic Blacks
- 1.350 for Native Americans (including Hispanics)
- 1.770 for Asian Americans (including Hispanics)
- 2.189 for Hispanics (of all racial groups)
|Average population (x 1,000)||Live births||Deaths||Natural change||Crude birth rate (per 1,000)||Crude death rate (per 1,000)||Natural change (per 1,000)||Total fertility rate|
The United States Census Bureau publishes a popular “dot” or “nighttime” map showing population distribution at a resolution of 7,500 people, as well as complete listings of population density by place name.
The United States has dozens of major cities, including 9 of the 66 “global cities” of all types, with 10 in the “alpha” group of global cities: New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago,Washington, DC, Boston, San Francisco, Miami, Atlanta, Dallas, and Philadelphia. As of 2011, the United States had 51 metropolitan areas with a population of over 1,000,000 people each. (See Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas.)
As of 2011, about 250 million Americans live in or around urban areas. That means more than three-quarters of the U.S. population shares just about three percent of the U.S. land area.
The following table shows the populations of the top twenty metropolitan areas, at the time of the 2010 Census.
Race and ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino origin
Each of the racial categories includes people who identify their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino. U.S. federal law defines Hispanic or Latino as “those who classify themselves in one of the specific Hispanic or Latino categories listed on the Census 2000 or ACS questionnaire”—Mexican“, “Puerto Rican“, or “Cuban“—as well as those who indicate that they are “other Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino.””
Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.
The total population of Hispanic and Latino Americans comprised 50.5 million or 16.3% of the national total in 2010.
Breakdown by state
|State or District||Population||Non-Hispanic White||Hispanic/Latino||Black||American Indian or Alaskan Native||Asian||Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander||Mixed race|
|District of Columbia||632,323||35.5||9.9||50.1||0.6||3.8||0.2||2.5|
There were about 2 million people in prison in 2010.
The 2000 U.S. Census counted same-sex couples in an oblique way; asking the sex and the relationship to the “main householder”, whose sex was also asked. One organization specializing in analyzing gay demographic data reported, based on this count in the 2000 census and in the 2000 supplementary survey, that same-sex couples comprised between 0.99% and 1.13% of U.S. couples in 2000. A 2006 report issued by The Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation concluded that the number of same-sex couples in the U.S. grew from 2000 to 2005, from nearly 600,000 couples in 2000 to almost 777,000 in 2005. 4.1% of Americans aged 18–45 identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual
A 2011 report by the Institute estimated that 4 million adults identify as gay or lesbian, representing 1.7% of the population over 18. A spokesperson said that, until recently, few studies have tried to eliminate people who had occasionally undertaken homosexual behavior or entertained homosexual thoughts, from people who identified as lesbian or gay. (Older estimates have varied depending on methodology and timing; see Demographics of sexual orientation for a list of studies.) The American Community Survey from the 2000 U.S. Census estimated 776,943 same-sex couple households in the country as a whole, representing about 0.5% of the population.
|Hispanics/Latinos (of any race)||17.8%||30.6%|
|Non-Hispanics/Latinos (of any race)||82.2%||69.4%|
|1 Including Hispanics and Some other race
2 Including Hispanics
A report by the U.S. Census Bureau projects a decrease in the ratio of Whites between 2010 and 2050, from 79.5% to 74.0%. At the same time, Non-Hispanic Whites are projected to no longer make up a majority of the population by 2042, but will remain the largest single ethnic group. In 2050 they will compose 46.3% of the population. Non-Hispanic whites made up 85% of the population in 1960.
The report foresees the Hispanic or Latino population rising from 16% today to 30% by 2050, the African American percentage barely rising from 12.9% to 13.0%, and Asian Americans upping their 4.6% share to 7.8%. The United States had a population of 310 million people in October 2010, and is projected to reach 400 million by 2039 and 439 million in 2050. It is further projected that 82% of the increase in population from 2005 to 2050 will be due to immigrants and their children.
Of the nation’s children in 2050, 62% are expected to be of a minority ethnicity, up from 44% today. Approximately 39% are projected to be Hispanic or Latino (up from 22% in 2008), and 38% are projected to be single-race, non-Hispanic Whites (down from 56% in 2008).
In 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau projected future censuses as follows:
|This article is outdated. (June 2014)|
The table below is based mainly on selected data as reported to the United States Census Bureau. It only includes the voluntary self-reported membership of religious bodies with 750,000 or more. The definition of a member is determined by each religious body. In 2004, the US census bureau reported that about 13% of the population did not identify itself as a member of any religion.[clarification needed]
Religions of American adults
The United States government does not collect religious data in its census. The survey below, the American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS) 2008, was a random digit-dialed telephonesurvey of 54,461 American residential households in the contiguous United States. The 1990 sample size was 113,723; 2001 sample size was 50,281.
Adult respondents were asked the open-ended question, “What is your religion, if any?”. Interviewers did not prompt or offer a suggested list of potential answers. The religion of the spouse or partner was also asked. If the initial answer was “Protestant” or “Christian” further questions were asked to probe which particular denomination. About one-third of the sample was asked more detailed demographic questions.
Religious Self-Identification of the U.S. Adult Population: 1990, 2001, 2008
Figures are not adjusted for refusals to reply; investigators suspect refusals are possibly more representative of “no religion” than any other group.
in % of
|Adult population, total||175,440||207,983||228,182||30.1%|
|Adult population, Responded||171,409||196,683||216,367||26.2%||97.7%||94.6%||94.8%||–2.9%|
|United Church of Christ||438||1,378||736||68.0%||0.2%||0.7%||0.3%||0.1%|
|Protestant – Unspecified||17,214||4,647||5,187||–69.9%||9.8%||2.2%||2.3%||–7.5%|
|Pentecostal – Unspecified||3,116||4,407||5,416||73.8%||1.8%||2.1%||2.4%||0.6%|
|Assemblies of God||617||1,105||810||31.3%||0.4%||0.5%||0.4%||0.0%|
|Church of God||590||943||663||12.4%||0.3%||0.5%||0.3%||0.0%|
|Other Protestant Denomination||4,630||5,949||7,131||54.0%||2.6%||2.9%||3.1%||0.5%|
|Churches of Christ||1,769||2,593||1,921||8.6%||1.0%||1.2%||0.8%||–0.2%|
|Total non-Christian religions||5,853||7,740||8,796||50.3%||3.3%||3.7%||3.9%||0.5%|
|New Religious Movements & Others||1,296||1,770||2,804||116.4%||0.7%||0.9%||1.2%||0.5%|
|None/ No religion, total||14,331||29,481||34,169||138.4%||8.2%||14.2%||15.0%||6.8%|
|Did Not Know/ Refused to reply||4,031||11,300||11,815||193.1%||2.3%||5.4%||5.2%||2.9%|
In 2010, the median age for marriage for men was 27; for women, 26.
In 2006, the median household income in the United States was around $46,326. Household and personal income depends on variables such as race, number of income earners, educational attainment and marital status.
|Households||Persons, age 25 or older with earnings||Household income by race|
|All households||Dual earner
|Measure||Some High School||High school graduate||Some college||Associate’s degree||Bachelor’s degree or higher||Bachelor’s degree||Master’s degree||Professional degree||Doctorate degree|
|Persons, age 25+ w/ earnings||$20,321||$26,505||$31,054||$35,009||$49,303||$43,143||$52,390||$82,473||$70,853|
|Male, age 25+ w/ earnings||$24,192||$32,085||$39,150||$42,382||$60,493||$52,265||$67,123||$100,000||$78,324|
|Female, age 25+ w/ earnings||$15,073||$21,117||$25,185||$29,510||$40,483||$36,532||$45,730||$66,055||$54,666|
|Persons, age 25+, employed full-time||$25,039||$31,539||$37,135||$40,588||$56,078||$50,944||$61,273||$100,000||$79,401|
|Bottom 10%||Bottom 20%||Bottom 25%||Middle 33%||Middle 20%||Top 25%||Top 20%||Top 5%||Top 1.5%||Top 1%|
|$0 to $10,500||$0 to $18,500||$0 to $22,500||$30,000 to $62,500||$35,000 to $55,000||$77,500 and up||$92,000 and up||$167,000 and up||$250,000 and up||$350,000 and up|
|Source: US Census Bureau, 2006; income statistics for the year 2005|
Social classes in the United States lack distinct boundaries and may overlap. Even their existence (when distinguished from economic strata) is controversial. The following table provides a summary of some prominent academic theories on the stratification of American society:
|Dennis Gilbert, 2002||William Thompson & Joseph Hickey, 2005||Leonard Beeghley, 2004|
|Class||Typical characteristics||Class||Typical characteristics||Class||Typical characteristics|
|Capitalist class (1%)||Top-level executives, high-rung politicians, heirs. Ivy League education common.||Upper class (1%)||Top-level executives, celebrities, heirs; income of $500,000+ common. Ivy league education common.||The super-rich (0.9%)||Multi-millionaires whose incomes commonly exceed $350,000; includes celebrities and powerful executives/politicians. Ivy League education common.|
|Upper middle class(15%)||Highly-educated (often with graduate degrees), most commonly salaried, professionals and middle management with large work autonomy.||Upper middle class(15%)||Highly-educated (often with graduate degrees) professionals & managers with household incomes varying from the high 5-figure range to commonly above $100,000.||The Rich (5%)||Households with net worth of $1 million or more; largely in the form of home equity. Generally have college degrees.|
|Middle class (plurality/
majority?; ca. 46%)
|College-educated workers with considerably higher-than-average incomes and compensation; a man making $57,000 and a woman making $40,000 may be typical.|
|Lower middle class (30%)||Semi-professionals and craftsmen with a roughly average standard of living. Most have some college education and are white-collar.||Lower middle class (32%)||Semi-professionals and craftsmen with some work autonomy; household incomes commonly range from $35,000 to $75,000. Typically, some college education.|
|Working class (30%)||Clerical and most blue-collar workers whose work is highly routinized. Standard of living varies depending on number of income earners, but is commonly just adequate. High school education.|
|Working class (32%)||Clerical, pink- and blue-collar workers with often low job security; common household incomes range from $16,000 to $30,000. High school education.||Working class
|Blue-collar workers and those whose jobs are highly routinized with low economic security; a man making $40,000 and a woman making $26,000 may be typical. High school education.|
|Working poor (13%)||Service, low-rung clerical and some blue-collar workers. High economic insecurity and risk of poverty. Some high school education.|
|Lower class (ca. 14–20%)||Those who occupy poorly-paid positions or rely on government transfers. Some high school education.|
|Underclass (12%)||Those with limited or no participation in the labor force. Reliant on government transfers. Some high school education.||The poor (ca. 12%)||Those living below the poverty line with limited to no participation in the labor force; a household income of $18,000 may be typical. Some high school education.|
In 2010, the average man weighed 194.7 pounds (88.3 kg); the average woman 164.7 pounds (74.7 kg). The height of an American man was 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m) and woman 5 feet 3.8 inches (1.621 m) The average BMI is 27.3 for males (overweight) and 28.5 for females (overweight).
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2011)|
A study by William Strauss and Neil Howe, in their books Generations and Fourth Turning, looked at generational similarities and differences going back to the 15th century and concluded that over 80 year spans, generations proceed through 4 stages of about 20 years each.
A definitive recent study of US generational cohorts was done by Schuman and Scott (2012) in which a broad sample of adults of all ages were asked, “What world events are especially important to you?” They found that 33 events were mentioned with great frequency. When the ages of the respondents were correlated with the expressed importance rankings, seven (some put 8 or 9) distinct cohorts became evident.
Today the following descriptors are frequently used for these cohorts (Alive in 2000–10):
- G.I. Generation born from approximately 1901 to 1924 (depression cohort who fought and won World War II).
- Distinction: They represent the largest number of Nonagenarians and Centenarians alive in any time of US history.
- Memorable events: The Great Depression, high levels of unemployment, poverty, lack of creature comforts, financial uncertainty, peak of European immigration (though started from 1840 to ended by 1920), grew up during World War I, prohibitionism, radical politics, not too religious but mostly morally conservative, shorter life spans, and stressed Americanizationor acculturation into a common mainstream U.S. culture.
- Key characteristics: strive for financial security, risk averse, waste-not-want-not attitude, strive for comfort, social cooperative, can be reactionary or hostile towards change, but are idealistic or progressive in improvements of quality of life.
- Silent Generation born from approximately 1925–1942 during the Great Depression and World War II. The label was originally applied to people in North America but has also been applied to those in Western Europe, Australasia and South America. It includes most of those who fought during the Korean War.
- Distinction: Second smallest generation born in US history. The birth rate peaked low due to the Depression.
- Memorable events: sustained economic growth, social tranquility, The Cold War, McCarthyism, anti-communism, drug culture, conformity, the rise and peak of jazz music (1940s), early rock n’ roll (1950s), fear of a nuclear war, and avoidance of discomfort with high emphasis on optimism.
- Key characteristics: conformity, social conservatism, patriotism, comparatively chaste or emphasized traditional values (i.e. manners or taboos) than younger cohorts (who disagreed with them), traditional family values, but had the nuclear family replaced the multi-generational kind, known as the “Silent” majority/generation, and had the appearance of sameness or “cookie cutter” type of sameness.
- Baby Boomer—cohort number one—born from approximately 1945 to 1954
- Distinction: One of two largest generations in size in US history.
- Memorable events: assassinations of JFK, Robert Kennedy, and Martin Luther King, Liberalism, political unrest, walk on the moon, Vietnam War, anti-war protests, social experimentation, sexual freedom, civil rights movement, environmental movement, women’s movement, protests and riots, rise and peak of rock and roll, and experimentation with various intoxicating recreational substances.
- Key characteristics: idealistic, experimental, progressive, individualism, free spirited, social cause oriented, activism, social change, “Live and let live”, “Do your own thing”, Pacifism,Spiritualism, alternative lifestyles, deeply against racism as well sexism and ethnic prejudice, and first generation thought to demand an eradication of poverty by government programs (War on Poverty).
- Baby Boomer—cohort number 2—or “Generation Jones” born from approximately 1955–1964.
- Distinction: The Peak years due to being children or teenagers when American power peaked in the global scene.
- Memorable events: Watergate, Nixon resigns, the cold war, the oil embargo, raging inflation, Disco, gasoline shortages, the American hostage crisis of Iran (1979–81), the U.S. Bicentennial celebrations in the 1970s, and cultural shift from McCarthyist conformity to hippie idealism to Yuppie fiscal conservative and/or social liberal phases.
- Key characteristics: less optimistic, fatalistic, principled, general cynicism, somewhat reactionary, easily bored, impatient, an urgent desire that things must change, born againChristian movement, yuppie social trends, challenged gender roles and racial stereotypes, and used drugs illegal since the early 20th century thereby precipitating the modern War on Drugs in the 1970s and 1980s; yet often conservative & reactionary in later age.
- Generation X—commentators use beginning birth dates from 1961 to 1981.
- In the U.S., some called Generation Xers the “baby bust” generation because of the drop in the birth rate following the baby boom. The drop in fertility rates in America began in the late 1950s. But according to authors and demographers William Strauss and Neil Howe (who use 1961 to 1981 for Gen X birth years), there are approximately 88.5 million Gen Xers in the U.S. today.
- Memorable events: Challenger explosion, Iran-Contra, Reaganomics, AIDS, Star Wars, MTV, home computers, video games, safe sex, divorce, single-parent families, end of Cold War-fall of Berlin Wall, Gulf War, 1992 L.A. Riots, 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing, the 1998 Bill Clinton–Monica Lewinsky sex scandal, and the arrival of the year 2000: new century (21st)/ new millennium (3rd).
- Key characteristics: pragmatic; independent, informal; entrepreneurial; many grew up in single-parent households.
- Generation Y also known as the Millennial generation—commentators use beginning birth dates from the early 1980s to the early 2000s.
- Distinction: Echo Boom they are second highest birth rate generation in US history.
- Memorable events: rise of the Internet, iPods, social network services, war on crime (reduced crime rates), cultural diversity, September 11 attacks, the Death of Osama Bin Laden,Afghanistan War and Iraq War, and affected by the 2008–09 global financial crisis or “Great Recession”.
- Key characteristics: acceptance of change, technically savvy, environmental issues, globally minded, more socially liberal than previous generations, stricter laws on minors, high tech surveillance of public places, political correctness, no expectation of military service, and increased local volunteerism or community service.
- Generation Z—also known as the Homeland Generation or “digital natives”. Sources use beginning birth dates starting at the mid or late 1990s  or from the mid 2000s  to the present day. This is the generation which is being born.
U.S. Demographic birth cohorts
Subdivided groups are present when peak boom years or inverted peak bust years are present, and may be represented by a normal or inverted bell-shaped curve (rather than a straight curve). The boom subdivided cohorts may be considered as “pre-peak” (including peak year) and “post-peak”. The year 1957 was the baby boom peak with 4.3 million births and 122.7 fertility rate. Although post-peak births (such as trailing edge boomers) are in decline, and sometimes referred to as a “bust”, there are still a relative large number of births. The dearth-in-birth bust cohorts include those up to the valley birth year, and those including and beyond, leading up to the subsequent normal birth rate. The Baby boom began around 1943 to 1946.
From the decline in U.S. birth rates starting in 1958 and the introduction of the birth control pill in 1960, the Baby Boomer normal distribution curve is negatively skewed. The trend in birth rates from 1958 to 1961 show a tendency to end late in the decade at approximately 1969, thus returning to pre-WWII levels, with 12 years of rising and 12 years of declining birth rates. Pre-war birth rates were defined as anywhere between 1939 and 1941 by demographers such as the Taeuber’s, Philip M. Hauser and William Fielding Ogburn.
Median ages are 36.8 years; males are 35.5 years; females are 38.1 years estimated as of 2010.
As of 2010, people are distributed by age as follows:
- 0–14 years: 20.2% (male 31,639,127/female 30,305,704)
- 15–64 years: 67% (male 102,665,043/female 103,129,321)
- 65 years and over: 12.8% (male 16,901,232/female 22,571,696) (2010 est.)
Birth, growth, and death rates
The growth rate is 0.739% as estimated from 2013-2010 by the US Census
The birth rate is 13.5 births/1,000 population, estimated as of 2010. This was the lowest in a century. There were 4,136,000 births in 2009.
- 13.9 births/1,000 population/year (Provisional Data for 2008)
- 14.3 births/1,000 population/year (Provisional Data for 2007)
In 2009, Time magazine reported that 40% of births were to unmarried women. The following is a breakdown by race for unwed births: 17% Asian, 29% White, 53% Hispanics, 66% Native Americans, and 72% African American.
As of July 2010, it was estimated that there were 8.38 deaths/1,000 population.
Immigration and emigration
|Dominican Rep.||46,019||All immigrants||1,062,040|
13% of the population was foreign-born in 2009,including 11.2 million undocumented aliens, 80% of which come from Latin America. Hence, Latin America is the largest region-of-birth group, accounting for over half (53%) of all foreign born population in US, and thus is also the largest source of both legal and illegal immigration to US. In 2011, there are 18.1 million naturalized citizens in USA, accounting for 45% of the foreign-born population (40.4 million) and 6 percent of the total US population at the time, and around 680,000 legal immigrants are naturalized annually.
4.32 people migrate per 1,000 population, estimated in 2010.
- at birth: 1.048 male(s)/female
- under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
- 15–64 years: 1 male(s)/female
- 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
- total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
Infant mortality rate
- total: 6.22 deaths/1,000 live births
- male: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births
- female: 5.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
- total population: 78.11 years
- male: 75.65 years
- female: 80.69 years (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate
- 1.87 children born/woman (2013).
- Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – National Vital Statistics System.
As of November 2013, the U.S. unemployment rate was 7.0 percent (U3 Rate).
As of February 2014, the U6 unemployment rate is 14.9 percent. The U6 unemployment rate counts not only people without work seeking full-time employment (the more familiar U-3 rate), but also counts “marginally attached workers and those working part-time for economic reasons.” Note that some of these part-time workers counted as employed by U-3 could be working as little as an hour a week. And the “marginally attached workers” include those who have gotten discouraged and stopped looking, but still want to work. The age considered for this calculation is 16 years and over.
In 2013, about 15% of Americans moved. Most of these, 67%, moved within the same county. Of the 33% who moved beyond local county boundaries, 13% of those moved more than 200 miles (320 km).
|Income in the United States|
- Outline of the United States
- Index of United States-related articles
- Book:United States
- U.S. demographic birth cohorts
- Maps of American ancestries
- Languages of the United States
- Immigration to the United States
- Emigration from the United States
- Places in the United States with notable demographic characteristics
- Demographic history of the United States
- Historical racial and ethnic demographics of the United States
- Race and ethnicity in the United States
- Urbanization in the United States
- Historical Statistics of the United States
- Lists of U.S. cities with non-white majority populations
- List of metropolitan areas in the Americas
- List of U.S. states and territories by population
- Household income in the United States
- Personal income in the United States
- Affluence in the United States
- Highest-income places in the United States
- Lowest-income counties in the United States
- United States
- Demographics of the United States
- United States Census Bureau
- United States Office of Management and Budget
- The OMB has defined 1098 statistical areas comprising 388 MSAs, 541 μSAs, and 169 CSAs
- United States urban area – List of United States urban areas
- According to The U.S. Census Bureau’s Population Clock.
- “U.S. & World Population Clocks”. Census.gov. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- World Urbanization Prospects, the 2014 Revision
- “Table 13. State Population – Rank, Percent Change, and Population Density” (Excel). U.S. Census Bureau. 2008. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- “Mean Center of Population for the United States: 1790 to 2000” (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- “Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places over 110,000, Ranked by July 1, 2009 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (SUB-EST2009-01)”. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
- “Births: Preliminary Data for 2013”. National Vital Statistics System (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). May 29, 2014. The preliminary total fertility rate (TFR) in 2013 was 1,869.5 births per 100,000 women.
- “Fécondité, France hors Mayotte”. INSEE. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
- “Vital Statistics: Population and Health Reference Tables (February 2014 Update): Annual Time Series Data”. ONS. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
- “CIA – The World Factbook — Field Listing – Population growth rate”. CIA. Retrieved 2012-01-09.
- “CIA – The World Factbook — Rank Order – Total fertility rate”. CIA. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
- “CIA – The World Factbook — Rank Order – Net migration rate”. CIA. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- “United States – Age and Sex”. 2009 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- “The White Population: 2000”. United States Census Bureau. August 2001. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
- “Statistical Abstract of the United States” (PDF). United States Census Bureau.
- “U.S. population hits 300 million mark”. MSNBC. Associated Press. 2006-10-17. Retrieved 2006-10-17.
- Morello, Carol and Mellnik, Ted. “Census: Minority Babies Are Now Majority in United States.” Washington Post. May 17, 2012. Accessed 2012-05-17.
- “U.S. Census Bureau: Minority Population Tops 100 Million”. Archived from the originalon 2008-04-20.
- “U.S. Population Projections: 2005-2050 – Pew Hispanic Center”. Pewhispanic.org. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- “Projected Population by Single Year of Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: July 1, 2000 to July 1, 2050”. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-12-08.
- “World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision, Highlights, Working Paper No. ESA/P/WP.202; Table A.2” (PDF). United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2007). Retrieved 2009-01-10.
- 2-11-Z-COLONIAL & PRE-FEDERAL.pdf. (PDF) . Retrieved on 2013-06-16.
- Resident Population Data. “Resident Population Data – 2010 Census”. http://www.census.gov. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990…. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- “Demographics Trends in the 20th Century“. U.S. Census Bureau.
- “We the Americans: Blacks“. Census.gov.
- “Latinos and the Changing Face of America – Population Reference Bureau“
- “Not Just Black and White: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Immigration, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States“. Nancy Foner, George M. Fredrickson (2005). p.120.ISBN 0-87154-270-6
- “Immigrants in the United States and the Current Economic Crisis“, Demetrios G. Papademetriou and Aaron Terrazas, Migration Policy Institute, April 2009.
- “Immigration Worldwide: Policies, Practices, and Trends“. Uma A. Segal, Doreen Elliott, Nazneen S. Mayadas (2010). Oxford University Press US. p. 32. ISBN 0-19-538813-5
- Borjas, George J (2003). “Welfare reform, labor supply, and health insurance in the immigrant population”. Journal of Health Economics 22 (6): 933–958.doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2003.05.002. ISSN 0167-6296.
- “CBO: 748,000 Foreign Nationals Granted U.S. Permanent Residency Status in 2009 Because They Had Immediate Family Legally Living in America“. CNSnews.com. January 11, 2011
- ““The First Measured Century: An Illustrated Guide to Trends in America, 1900–2000”“. Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).
- “Changing Face of Western Cities“. The Washington Post. August 21, 2006.
- Exner, Rich (2012-07-03). “Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot”. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
- “Non-white births outnumber white births for the first time in US“. The Daily Telegraph. May 17, 2012.
- [“http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr61/nvsr61_01.pdf” “Births: Final Data for 2010”]
- [“http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_3YR_GCT0101.US01PR&prodType=table” “American FactFinder: Median age by state”]
- National Vital Statistics Reports. Births: Data for 2012
- “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: historical demographical data of the whole country”.POPULATION STATISTICS. Jan Lahmeyer. 2000-01-22. Retrieved 2013-10-16.
- 1960 to 2011“United States – Death rate: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people)”. Index Mundi. IndexMundi. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
- Census 2010 Population Distribution in the United States and Puerto Rico. U.S. Census Bureau.
- Density Using Land Area For States, Counties, Metropolitan Areas, and Places. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
- The 2012 Global Cities Index. Retrieved 2013-01-05.
- “The World According to GaWC – Classification of cities 2010”. 2010. Retrieved 2013-01-05.
- “American cities on the rebound”. Cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- “Figure A–3. Census Regions, Census Divisions, and Their Constituent States” (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-06-17.
- “Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- “Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010” (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- “U.S. Census Bureau Guidance on the Presentation and Comparison of Race and Hispanic Origin Data”. Retrieved 2007-04-05. “Race and Hispanic origin are two separate concepts in the federal statistical system.People who are Hispanic may be of any race. People in each race group may be either Hispanic or Not Hispanic. Each person has two attributes, their race (or races) and whether or not they are Hispanic.”
- “American FactFinder Help: Hispanic or Latino origin”. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- “U.S. Census Bureau Data”. U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2011-07-13.
- Kanell, Michael E. (16 November 2009). “Number of veterans, October”. Atlanta Constitution-Journal (Atlanta, Georgia). pp. A6. quoting the Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Hsu, Spencer S. (2 May 2010). “Senate Democrats’ plan highlights nation’s shift to the right on immigration”. Washington Post (Washington, DC). pp. A3.
- Gerson, Michael (5 January 2010). “Column:More second chances”. Florida Today(Melbourne, Florida). pp. 7A.
- “2000 Census information on Gay and Lesbian Couples”. gaydemographics.org.
- Gary J. Gates PDF (2.07 MB). The Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation Law and Public Policy, UCLA School of Law October 2006. Retrieved April 20, 2007.
- Press, Associated (March 1, 2011). “Research 4M adults in US identify as gay”. Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 1A.
- Davenport, Christian (20 April 2010). “A disconnect at Magruder”. Washington Post(Washington, DC). pp. B1.
- 2012 National Population Projections: Summary Tables
- “Table 4. Projections of the Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 2010 to 2050” (Excel). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- U.S. Hispanic population to triple by 2050, USATODAY.com
- White Americans no longer a majority by 2042[dead link]
- Aizenman, N.C. (August 13, 2008). “U.S. to Grow Grayer, More Diverse”. Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- Passel, Jeffrey (February 11, 2008). “Pew Research Center: Immigration to Play Lead Role In Future U.S. Growth”. Pewresearch.org. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- Whites to become minority in U.S. by 2050, Reuters
- An Older and More Diverse Nation by Midcentury at the Wayback Machine (archived August 22, 2008), U.S. Census Press Releases, 14 August 2008 (archived from the originalon 2008-08-22)
- Table No. 68. Religious Bodies—Selected Data (p. 59), “Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004–2005 (tables 67–69)” (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau.
- “Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004–2005 (tables 67-69)” (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau.
- “Adherents.com”. Adherents.com. Retrieved 2011-09 -1 9.
- “Section 1. Population”. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004–2005. U.S. Census Bureau. p. 55. Retrieved 2008-06-29. (Table No. 67. Self-described religious identification of adult population: 1990 and 2001; data for 2001).
- Barry A. Kosmin and Ariela Keysar (2009). “AMERICAN RELIGIOUS IDENTIFICATION SURVEY (ARIS) 2008” (PDF). Hartford, Connecticut, USA: Trinity College. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- Riley, Naomi Schaefer (6 June 2010). “Interfaith marriages are rising fast, but they’re failing fast too”. Washington Post (Washington, DC). pp. B1, B4.
- Larry Copeland (2011-03-22). “Caution: Wide Load (and Just Getting Wider)”. Florida Today.[dead link]
- “Average Height of a Man”. Buzzle.com. 2012-12-07. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- “Average Height for Women Worldwide”. Buzzle.com. 2012-01-31. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- “Calculate Your BMI – Standard BMI Calculator”. Nhlbisupport.com. 2012-02-15. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- “In U.S., Obesity Up in Nearly All Age Groups Since 2008”. Gallup.com. 2012-10-24. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- Saad, Lydia (August 22, 2012). “One in Five U.S. Adults Smoke, Tied for All-Time Low”.Gallup. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
- “U.S. Diabetes Rate Levels Off in 2011”. Gallup.com. December 16, 2011. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- Caryn, Roni (2011-09-15). “Childhood – Hearing Loss Grows Among Teenagers”. New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- “HIV in the United States”. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- Schuman, H. and Scott, J. (1989), Generations and collective memories, American Sociological Review, vol. 54, 1989, pp. 359–81.
- Strauss, William; Neil Howe (1991). Generations: The History of Americas Future, 1584 to 2069. New York, NY: Harper Perennial. p. 279. ISBN 0-688-11912-3.
- The Younger Generation, Time Magazine, 1951
- “Illegal Drugs in America: A Modern History”. Deamuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- The 1912 Hague International Opium Convention
- History of Legislative Control Over Opium, Cocaine, and Their Derivatives
- Miller, Jon D. “The Generation X Report: Active, Balanced, and Happy: These Young Americans are not bowling alone”. University of Michigan, Longitudinal Study of American Youth, funded by the National Science Foundation. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- Encyclopedia of Identity By Ronald L. Jackson, II
- William Strauss, Neil Howe (1991). Generations. New York, NY: Harper Perennial. p. 318.ISBN 0-688-11912-3.
- The Gen X Files. “Latest Numbers for Generation X”. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- Horovitz, Bruce (May 4, 2012). “After Gen X, Millennials, what should next generation be?”. USA Today. Retrieved November 24, 2012.
- Strauss, William; Neil Howe (1991). Generations: The History of Americas Future, 1584 to 2069. New York, NY: Harper Perennial. p. 335. ISBN 0-688-11912-3.
- Jeanine Poggi (Feb 26, 2013). “Nickelodeon Targets ‘Post-Millennials’ in Upfront”. Advertising Age. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Tuttle, William M. (1993-09-16). “Daddy’s Gone to War”: The Second World War in the Lives of America’s Children. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 25. ISBN 9780195096491. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- “CIA – The World Factbook — United States”. CIA. Retrieved 2010-02-16.
- Marchione, Marilynn (August 27, 2010). “Recession may have pushed U.S. birth rate to a new low”. USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- Births, Marriages, Divorces, and Deaths: Provisional Data for 2009 National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 58, Number 25, accessed August 28, 2010
- Amy Sullivan (March 20, 2009). “Behind the Boom in Adult Single Motherhood”. Time.
- “Blacks rank highest in unwed births”. Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). Associated Press. 7 November 2010. pp. 9A.
- “Birthrate Is Lowest in a Century” Associated Press article printed in The New York TimesAugust 27, 2010, accessed August 28, 2010
- Kowlessar N.M., Jiang H.J., and Steiner C. “Hospital Stays for Newborns, 2011.” HCUP Statistical Brief #163. October 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. 
- “United States: Inflow of foreign-born population by country of birth, by year (table available by menu selection)”. Migration Policy Institute. 2007.
- Starr, Tena (28 April 2010). “Mexican farmworker’s life like living in a “golden cage””. The Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). p. 12.
- Camarota, Steven A., and Karen Jensenius “Homeward Bound: Recent Immigration Enforcement and the Decline in the Illegal Alien Population”
- 80% illegal immigrants from Latin America
- Largest region-of-birth group of immigrants in US
- Largest source of legal and illegal immigrants to US,
- Naturalized citizens in US
- Annual naturalization of immigrants in US
- Current Unemployment Rates for States and Historical Highs/Lows, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
- “Employment Situation Summary”. U.S. Dept. of Labor. 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- “Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization”. U.S. Bureau of Labor. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
- “U6 Unemployment Rate”. Portal Seven. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Fishkind, Hank (March 15, 2014). “Harsh winters make Florida attractive for visitors, moves,”. Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida). pp. 4A. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
|Find more about United States at Wikipedia’s sister projects|
|Definitions and translations from Wiktionary|
|Media from Commons|
|Quotations from Wikiquote|
|Source texts from Wikisource|
|Textbooks from Wikibooks|
|Learning resources from Wikiversity|
- United States Census Bureau
- New York Times: “Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census”
- 2000 Census of Population and Housing United States, U.S. Census Bureau
- U.S. Demographics and State Rankings
- Asian-Nation: Demographics of Asian American /2006-07-04-us-population_x.htm?csp=34 Countdown to 300 million
- Census Ancestry Map
- USA Today 2004 Election County by County Map
- BeliefNet State by State Religious Affiliation at the Wayback Machine (archived April 21, 2008) (archived from the original on 2008-04-21)
- Health by State
- U.S. Demographics and Maps
- America’s Changing Demographics a Nightly Business Report special
- The Realignment of America – The Wall Street Journal
- Religion U.S. Census Bureau
- Google – public data “Population in the U.S.A.”