LLB&H’s: Incarnation III


is the emotion that we feel in response to the suffering of others that motivates a desire to help.[1][2]

Compassion is often regarded as having an emotional aspect to it, though when based on cerebral notions such as fairness, justice and interdependence, it may be considered rational in nature and its application understood as an activity based on sound judgment. There is also an aspect of compassion which regards a quantitative dimension, such that individual’s compassion is often given a property of “depth,” “vigour,” or “passion.” The etymology of “compassion” is Latin, meaning “co-suffering.” More involved than simple empathy, compassion commonly gives rise to an active desire to alleviate another’s suffering.[2]

Compassion is often, though not inevitably, the key component in what manifests in the social context as altruism.[citation needed] In ethical terms, the expressions down the ages of the so-called Golden Rule often embodies by implication the principle of compassion: Do to others what you would have them do to you.[3][original research?]

The English noun compassion, meaning to love together with, comes from Latin. Its prefix com- comes directly from com, an archaic version of the Latinpreposition and affix cum (= with); the -passion segment is derived from passuspast participle of the deponent verb patior, patī, passus sum. Compassion is thus related in origin, form and meaning to the English noun patient (= one who suffers), from patienspresent participle of the samepatior, and is akin to the Greek verb πάσχειν (= paskhein, to suffer) and to its cognate noun πάθος (= pathos).[4][5] Ranked a great virtue in numerousphilosophies, compassion is considered in almost all the major religious traditions as among the greatest of virtues.



is the capacity to recognize emotions that are being experienced by another sentient or fictional being. One may need to have a certain amount of empathy before being able to experience accurate sympathy or compassion.[according to whom?]


(from the Greek words syn “together” and pathos “feeling” which means “fellow-feeling”) is the perception, understanding, and reaction to the distress or need of another human being.[1] This empathic concern is driven by a switch in viewpoint, from a personal perspective to the perspective of another group or individual who is in need. Empathy and sympathy are often used interchangeably. Sympathy is a feeling, but the two terms have distinct origins and meanings.[2] Empathy refers to the understanding and sharing of a specific emotional state with another person. Sympathy does not require the sharing of the same emotional state. Instead, sympathy is a concern for the well-being of another. Although sympathy may begin with empathizing with the same emotion another person is feeling, empathy can be extended to other emotional states.


Syllabification: dis·dain

Pronunciation: /disˈdān



The feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one’s consideration or respect; contempt:her upper lip curled in disdainan aristocratic disdain for manual labor


  • Certainly, she’s arrogant and her disdain for them is palpable.
  • He spoke with such fondness of the tuna melt, that despite my disdain for tinned tuna, I felt compelled to try one.
  • Despite his disdain for much about the town at the time, the rector was optimistic about the future.


contemptscornscornfulnesscontemptuousnessderision, disrespect; disparagement,condescensionsuperciliousnesshauteurhaughtiness, arrogance, snobbishness, indifference, distaste, dislike, disgust



1Consider to be unworthy of one’s consideration:gamblers disdain four-horse races

  • Dismissed by the press, disdained by opponents, Cassius Clay kept on winning.
  • Aside from mushrooms, fungi are widely disdained by the agriculture industry.
  • Although accustomed to supporting others through their physical pain, Sam disdains emotional intimacy ‘because it hurts.’

scorn, deride, pour scorn on, regard with contempt, sneer at, sniff at, curl one’s lip at, look down one’s nose at, look down ondespise

INFORMAL turn up one’s nose at, pooh-pooh
1.1Refuse or reject (something) out of feelings of pride or superiority:she remained standing, pointedly disdaining his invitation to sit down[WITH INFINITIVE]: he disdained to discuss the matter further

  • Snape was sitting at the desk, but he disdained to even so much as lay a finger on the keypad.
  • He ‘distained to mingle in the intrigues of court life’ and found his chief occupation in the formation of his collection.
  • Perigryne felt his gaze upon her once again, but she disdained to move from her position.


spurnrejectrefuserebuff, disregard, ignore, snub; decline, turn down, brush aside


Middle English: from Old French desdeign (noun), desdeignier (verb), based on Latin dedignari, fromde- (expressing reversal) + dignari ‘consider worthy’ (from dignus ‘worthy’).



(also called perfunctoriness) is most commonly defined as a lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or concern. It is a state of indifference, or the suppression of emotions such as concernexcitementmotivation, and/or passion. An apathetic individual has an absence of interest in or concern about emotional, social, spiritual, philosophical and/or physical life and the world.

The apathetic may lack a sense of purpose or meaning in their life. An apathetic person may also exhibit insensibility or sluggishness. Inpositive psychology, apathy is described as a result of the individual feeling they do not possess the level of skill required to confront a challenge (i.e. “Flow”). It may also be a result of perceiving no challenge at all (e.g. the challenge is irrelevant to them, or conversely, they have learned helplessness). Apathy may be a sign of more specific mental problems such as schizophrenia or dementia. However, apathy is something that all people face in some capacity. It is a natural response to disappointment, dejection, and stress. As a response, apathy is a way to forget about these negative feelings. This type of common apathy is usually only felt in the short-term and when it becomes a long-term or even lifelong state is when deeper social and psychological issues are most likely present.


also see








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